Tanzania Northern Circuit

Arusha National Park

Only 32 kilometers away from the Arusha city is the Arusha National Park which was described by Sir Julian Huxley as " a gem amongst parks". It consists of three spectacular features, the Momela Lakes, Mount Meru and the Ngurdoto Crater. The park's altitude varies from 1,500 meters to more than 4,500 meters covering an area of 137 square kilometers. Also it is famous for walking Safaris Park escorted by armed rangers for the safety.

On clear days magnificent views of Mount Kilimanjaro can be seen from almost any part of the park. The vegetation and wildlife varies with the topography which ranges from forest to swamp. The park is famous for its 400 species of birdlife, both migrant and resident, including the pelicans and flamingo reside at the Momela Lakes and Ngurdoto crater.

The birdlife varies from these places provided that they are separated by a narrow peace of land.
Animals frequently seen in the park are black and white colobus monkey baboon, elephant, buffalo, giraffe, hyena, zebra and a wide range of antelope species. The reptiles include tortoises, geckos, lizards, monitor lizards, and different kinds of snakes. A more day stay at Arusha National Park allows hiking the little mountain that looks like a pyramid near Momela gate known as Ol'doinyo Landaree and camel safaris can be arranged at the village of Mkuru.

Tarangire National Park
Located south of the plains of Maasai land and east of Lake Manyara, a three-hour drive or 114 kilometers from Arusha city, Tarangire is the fourth-largest national park in Tanzania.

The park originates its name from the River Tarangire that cross the park been derived from Maasai language who inhabits the area. Covering an area of 2,600 square kilometers it's famous for its tree-climbing Pythons.

The topography of Tarangire is open acacia woodland, open bush, swamps, rivers, plains with scattered baobab trees. The trees grow in arid, semi-arid and sub-humid tropical climates and hold up to 300 litre of water. Tarangire has a large population of elephants around the baobab trees.

Other animals that resides the park include spotted hyena, cheetah, lion, leopard, Maasai giraffe, impala, Grant's gazelle, lesser kudu, African buffalo, eland, bushbuck among others.

River Tarangire and surrounding accommodates different species of birdlife more than 300 are recorded they include Maasai ostrich, white pelican, pink-backed pelican, white stork, Marabou, sacred ibis, Egyptian goose and crowned crane few to mention.

Lake Manyara National Park
Lake Manyara National Park is located between Ngorongoro crater and Tarangire National Park. Covers an area of 330 squares kilometers the famous spectacles are Lake Manyara itself and easily sighting tree climbing lions. The Mto-wa-Mbu village (Mosquito village) and the East Africa Rift Valley escarpment add the boundaries of the park.

The topography of Manyara is wetland forest with Mahogany and fig trees, the open land, savannah, marshes and acacia woodland. The environment resides the large number of wild animals common zebras, herds of buffaloes and elephants, giraffes, impala, waterbuck, bushbuck, wildebeest, klipspringer, spotted hyena and leopards among the list. Lake Manyara is noted for its wealth of birdlife from the birds of prey to the water birds.

The birds of prey include vulture and ayre's and crowned hawk eagles. Others are flock of flamingoes, pelicans, ostrich, marabou stork, white-backed ducks and goliath heron

among others. Also the lake accommodates a large number of hippos mammals into its pool and make one of East Africa park sighting at a closer range. Manyara has also minor and major hotsprings within the park famous known as "Maji Moto" a Swahili word means (Hot water) to the north and some River like Chem chem, Ndala, Bosayo Rivers.

Ngorongoro Crater Conservation
The first view takes your breath away. Ngorongoro is a huge caldera formed after the collapse of volcano, 250 square kilometers and 23 kilometers wide. The crater has an average depth of 600 meters. Its spectacular setting and abundance of wildlife combine to make it a wonder of the natural world.

The crater alone has over 20,000 large animals including some of Tanzania's last remaining black rhino. Animals are free to leave or enter the crater but most of them stay because of the plentiful water and food available on the crater floor throughout the year.

Other mammals include wildebeest, zebra, spotted hyena, hunting dogs, gazelles, hyena, jackals and primates like mice and grasshoppers. The open grassland covers most of the crater floor and feeds the herbivores.

The crater has abundant yellow barked acacia trees to its Lerai forest making a home to Elephants, baboon, bushbucks, waterbucks and velvet monkey.

The floor has a number of wetland including the Munge River, Lake Makati and Lake Magadi. The Lakes are the attractive point to the numerous flamingos, pelicans, blacksmith Plover, African Cuckoo, Red-eyed Dove and other water birds more than 300 species are recorded.

Also the wetland accommodates the large number of hippos and smaller creatures such as frogs and snakes. Within the crater walls there is a high possibility of tourists to sight the "Big Five" that's Elephant, Lion, Buffalo, Hippopotamus and Black Rhinoceros.

Serengeti National Park
It's vast plain grassland with dotted trees and rocks outcrop. Serengeti is the world famous wildlife sanctuary there still exists the greatest and most spectacular concentration of game animals found anywhere in the world.

Covering more than 14,500 square kilometers the park is the largest in Tanzania. Here is where the Great Migration of wildebeests and zebras can be experienced.

During the dry season of June through July, these wild animals migrate to the contiguous Maasai Mara National Park in Kenya and the Ngorongoro Conservation Area for greens and water using the western and northern corridor. There are also acacia and savannah woodland, wetland like rivers and lakes and occasional swamp.

The vegetation of the park accommodate mammals like Topi, Thomson's and Grants gazelle, coke's hartebeest, Impala, Klipspringer, common waterbuck, African Elephant, Bush Baby. Others are African wild cat, Lion, Cheetah, Leopard, Spotted hyena, striped hyena, Jackal among the list.

Serengeti to its western corridor is the Grumeti River with numerous crocodiles and other reptiles. During the Great Migration these reptiles obtain abundant food as the wildebeest and zebras cross the river to the Maasai Mara.

The park is noted to its wealth of birdlife to its wetland. Colorful kingfishers, sunbirds, waterfowl and bee-eaters are among them. More than 300 species are recorded.